THE interview

Finally! It is the last blog post for this subject, BCM210. I can’t believe we’re halfway through this journey already but I’m glad this would be the final and last post, hopefully it’ll be a good one.

Blog 5: Conduct a short interview

interview

We are told to conduct a short interview based on our second assignment which was to come up with a topic to conduct a survey and interview with a focus group. My team members, Max, Ellen and myself have come up with an amazing topic which is the use and effects of online streaming in free-to-air television and Foxtel. We chose this topic because we feel that is relevant as Netflix is just newly being introduced in Australia and it might have an effect on the users especially those who are actively watching movies/shows via streaming or downloading.

The three of us has used the time given in our tutorial today to discuss and agree with some questions that will potentially help us in our surveys and interviews. We gave a trial and error test on few of our questions by conducting an interview between the three of us to come up with some answers and this is how it went:

 

Question 1: Prior to the arrival of Netflix in Australia, how did you obtain videos online?

– If I’m watching a TV show, I usually stream it and watch it online through a website given by my friend. Other videos will be through YouTube.

Question 2: Would you consider piracy a form of theft? If so, why?

– Yes, because it would a huge disadvantage to the original right holders and it’s a form of copying from the original source. You wouldn’t want people to be copying your stuffs and making it free for viewing to everyone in the world.

Question 3: Does the cost of online streaming affects the way you access tv shows/movies/etc online? Why?

– Yes because sometimes to stream online might be costly and why pay when you can its available on the internet for free?

Question 4: The introduction of netflix will decrease the amount of illegal downloads. How strongly do you agree/disagree with this statement?

– I kind of disagree because different people have different perception of Netflix being introduced in Australia. Some might continue to download illegally instead of paying a single cent

 

These are some examples of questions we all agree on to have it on our survey. Hopefully we will get some amazing responses back from the surveys and ace our second assignment together! Good luck to all BCM210 students for the next assignment and let’s all pass this subjects with flying colours and hopefully we won’t need to re-take this ever again!

 

Sayonara~

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Bridging that global divide

In the 21st century that we’re living, the Internet is like an everyday-use thing for most people living in the Western or developed world, as frequent as breathing if I could say. The Internet has become so important to each of us that it changes the way we do things on a daily basis such as online banking without actually going to the bank, the way we receive news, the way we communicate with one another and many more. The growth of internet users are expanding more than. According to Internet Live Stats, ever from 1 billion users in 2005 to 3.1 billion users today.

This being said,  around 40% of the world have internet access easily but what about the other 60% of the people? This has caused a global divide that is called the digital divide where information and communication technology are not equally divided around the world to those who does not have the access to the internet due to economic or social inequality. (Ali, A.H. 2011)


Basically, majority of the divide is between the developed and developing world but the divide had gotten smaller over the years but remains significant. What factors are causing this global divide to occur all over the world?

  • Internet technologies are too expensive
  • Services and plans are too expensive
  • Not all places are connected and have networks
  • Language barriers (not all contents are readable to users)

facebook

 

If you’ve faced this issues or are facing it, don’t fret, because Facebook is doing something massive to bridge this global digital divide all around the world. CEO of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, has come up with a not for profit coalition Internet.org  by Facebook to help connect the 60% of the world together. It aims to provide internet equally for everyone by making it affordable. Huge technology leaders such as Samsung and Nokia also participated in this coalition. If you’ve been on YouTube for the past few weeks, you might have seen the advertisement going on before your video starts playing to increase awareness and to gather sponsors.

Internet.org advert:

Zuckerberg mentioned that getting access to the internet is a really big deal for everyone today. He also emphasised that “connectivity is a human right” in an interview with CNN (watch the interview here) He also imagines a world where the society are able to have the same capacity to share their opinions and speak freely. (Griffin, 2013) With the ability to internet access equally, everyone around the world is interconnected and can communicate almost instantly and conveniently that will bridge or close the global digital divide around the world.

Thank you to Facebook, this coalition might be a huge success and will bring a huge change and impact on how the world works by closing the gap.

 

References:

Ali, A.H 2011, ‘The Power of Social Media in Developing Nations: New Tools for Closing the Global Digital Divide and Beyond’, Harvard Human Rights Journal, vol.24, viewed 15 April 2015, <http://harvardhrj.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/185-220.pdf&gt;

Griffin, J 2013, Mark Zuckerberg’s big idea: The ‘next 5 billion’ people, CNN: Money, viewed 15 April 2015, <http://money.cnn.com/2013/08/20/technology/social/facebook-zuckerberg-5-billion/&gt;

Lynch, J 2013, Will Facebook’s Internet.org Bridge the Global Digital Divide? Tech soup for libraries, viewed 15 April 2015, <https://www.techsoupforlibraries.org/blog/will-facebook’s-internetorg-bridge-the-global-digital-divide&gt;

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Is it right breaking that taboo?

Blog post 4: critique or analyse a text

Text article here

If you’ve been on the internet or any social media for the last one week, you sure have come across this article or at least seen it something sharing it on their Facebook or Twitter and they’re most likely 99% to be girls.

periodd_3250132b

 

The owner of this picture, photographer Rupi Kaur, a student in Canada has posted this somewhat outrageously disgusting, inappropriate and should be mentioned in absolute euphemism. I say it’s rubbish.

Why do we females have to conceal what seems to be naturally happening to our bodies? Rupi Kaur was pretty irritated when one of the most popular photo-sharing platform, Instagram, has removed this picture from her account after being said to be ‘inappropriate’ and was also taken down TWICE.

insta_3250133b

According to the guidelines, it does not mention anything about menstruation or period but only prohibits sexual acts, nudity and violence. (Sanghani, R 2015) Kaur then took her vent out on Facebook and quote “I will not apologise for not feeding the ego and pride of misogynist society that will have my body in an underwear but not be ok with a small leak when your pages are filled with countless photos/accounts where women (so many who are underage) are objectified, pornified, and treated less than human.” (Kaur, R 2015)

I’m totally captivated and engaged into this topic as soon as I saw it on the internet. No offence but, why do we still have such shallow-minded people in this society? Treating periods as a taboo instead of something concerned with females’ health. We are extremely lucky to be educated about what is menstruation from schools or at home because not every girl in the world knows exactly why they’re bleeding every month. According UN’s sanitation agency, a survey has been carried out and almost one third of women and girls known nothing about periods and 70% or more thought menstrual blood was dirty and some even thought they had cancer when they first had their period. (George, R 2015)

This shows how important and the extreme need of proper education to those living in over-populated countries and where education are limited such as India. I completely and wholly agree with what has the article offered as it provided a wake up call such that people should start being open with menstruation and not to be ashamed of it. Quote, Quint, C 2015, “being #periodpositive isn’t about whether you love or hate menstruation. It’s about talking about reproductive health frankly, and without shame.”

It also should be taken as a serious issue when there are girls and women who can’t afford sanitary napkins around the world and this results in infections. Rupi Kaur has used social media in a way to increase awareness about what’s going on in a woman’s body once every month it should not be despised for the wrong reasons.

To sum everything up, I distinctly think that this article provided a purpose to show how important our knowledge towards these especially for the females and also serve as a purpose to remind us how privileged we are compared to other people around the world who can’t even afford to buy sanitary pads.

 

References:

George, R 2015, My period may hurt: but not talking about menstruation hurts more, The Guardian, viewed 10 April, <http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/22/period-menstruation-heather-watson-taboo&gt;

Quint, C 2015, Menstruation: how to break this taboo in the classroom, The Guardian, viewed 10 April, <http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/apr/07/menstruation-taboo-classroom-periodpositive-femcare&gt;

Sanghani, R 2015, Instagram deletes woman’s period photos – but her response is amazing, The Telegraph, viewed 10 April, <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/11503621/Instagram-deletes-womans-period-photos-her-reply-is-great.html&gt;

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Just being oriental… not

This is a quite common issue for Asians such as myself, that will definitely go through at least once and might hate it when it happens. “So are you Chinese or Japanese?” Does Asian only means the Chinese or the Japanese? I believe this is a minor form of orientalism that begins within a multicultural society. “Orientalism” is being defined as “the acceptance in the West of the basic distinction between East and West” by Edward W. Said. It is also being portrayed as the differences of culture compared to that of mainly Europe and the U.S. In short, it is a stereotyped way of representing Asia.

I will be discussing orientalism in different media platform such as portrayed in music videos and movies.

Don’t get me wrong, I adore Rihanna and I think she’s the one of the best vocalist in the pop industry but in the music video she was featured in called Princess of China by Coldplay was, quote Zhang, “unoriginal Orientalist imagery and includes everything you could have hoped for in a crash course about sorry Asian stereotypes.” (Zhang, K 2012) Rihanna in the video seems to have several types of identity that are awfully mixed up, obviously. She was a princess warrior that indicates Chinese background, she was a ‘multi-armed- goddess signifies Hindu goddess, and she was also portrayed as a heartbroken geisha at one point of the video? What?!

 

rihanna2

 (Picture source)

For example in this snapshot above represents Rihanna as a multi-armed goddess where the director might illustrated from a Hindu deity called Puja, the multi limbed deity. It made no sense as the name of the song, “Princess of China” but portraying a wrong character in the setting.

Next, we have a Disney movie and also my favourite childhood movie called Mulan. Mulan is based on a real legend, Hua Mulan from medieval China during the Northern Wei dynasty that disguised as a male as a replacement for her father to be a soldier for the upcoming war with the Huns. (more of the story here)

How does it evoke orientalism? Firstly, the settings in the movie itself betrayed itself as you can see below, the gif clearly shows Mulan hugging the emperor in a Chinese palace with lanterns and fireworks, the infrastructure says it all. But the last picture shows  Mulan’s home where it is full of Sakura flowers blooming and she is dressed in a Japanese kimono. Again, what?!

giphymulan-bancroftcook

disney-mulan-lovely-image(Picture source)

 More reads: The real story of Mulan

References:

Said, E 2001, ‘From Orientalism’, in V Leitch (ed.), The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, W. W. Norton, New York, pp. 1991-2012.

Zhang, K 2012, Rihanna’s Orientalist Turn, Asian American Writers’ Workshop, viewed 6 April 2015, <http://aaww.org/rihannas-orientalist-turn-as-a-princess-of-china/&gt;

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Ethics.

Unknown

 (Picture source)

What are ethics? According to BBC, “ethics is a system of moral principles.” They are decisions that sets what is proper and improper or what’s right or wrong in life. Ethics can also be described as norms of conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour. (Resnik, D 2012)

It is hard to put a point on why some disagrees in many situations as different individuals understand, apply, or look into ethics differently even thought majority of us were being taught moral norms at social settings such as school or even at home. As stated by National Institute Health of Environmental Health Science, ethical norms are so prevalent and extensive that individuals might consider them as common knowledge.

Despite it being a common sense, ethical issues and controversy are being challenged everyday. So why is it important to apply ethics in research? There are a number of reasons to why it is important to be extremely ethical in all research:

  1. The main aim for research that portrays accurate and truthful knowledge without any errors such as forging or misinterpreting should be forbidden.
  2. Values in collaboration with other researches: A research might be done with the collaboration with other researches that involves plenty of coordination thus, we must be absolutely honest, fair and respectful with one another to avoid complications. For example, this can also be seen through the reinforcement of copyrights and data sharing policies to protect the credibility of researches.
  3. Ethics are also important to prove accountability to the public. For example, some research are done through the funding of the publics thus publics are entitled to know the in and out of the research and all to protect the individuals security.
  4. Being ethical in conducting a research also encourage the importance of social and moral values. For instance, an individual’s human rights or animal welfare might be in jeopardise when a researcher is not being ethical in their research by forging the data and information collected. This might harm individuals especially in medical researches when there are no set regulations and might cause danger in the health and safety of the patients being researched on.

On top of all the reasons to be ethical in conducting a research, individuals are eligible to have their privacy maintained confidential or to be known as anonymous in the research.

 

 

References:

McCutcheon, M 2015, Lecture 3 Research Ethics, powerpoint slides, BCM210 Researches Practice in Media and Communication, University of Wollongong, viewed 6 April.

Resnik, D.B. 2011, What is Ethics in Research & Why is it Important?  National Institute of Environmental Health Science, viewed 6 April, <http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/resources/bioethics/whatis/&gt;

 

 

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Social media and the society

Blog 2: Critique or analyse a text.

Text article: The Negative Effect of Social Media on Society and Individuals

social-media-influence

(Picture source)

As we all must definitely agree, social media is introduced into our lives as a platform for easier communication and to create better connections within individuals. Indeed, it brought diversification into the world such as connecting two people between two countries instantly becomes possible. Despite that, social media is recently being indicated as it brings negative impacts upon different people in different aspects.

As being mentioned in the article, some of the negative elements that can impact on society are:

  • false sense of connection
  • cyber-bullying
  • decreased productivity
  • lost of privacy

The article focuses on how social media can influence the society, in a negative way, that might harm us in the near future. For example, a false sense of connection might occur to an individual if they are overly obsessed with using it such as Facebook and Instagram. A very good example to explain this scenario is that when one is too concerned about how many likes or comments one gets from a post on Facebook or how many followers they have on Instagram. A blurred line is created between popularity and real connections by social media users. Quoted by anonymous, “Someone might have thousands of followers on Instagram but only have few friends in reality.” 

On top of that, a decrease in productivity might occur on a daily basis as I personally find myself wasting the first 15 minutes of the day, scrolling through my news feed, be it on Facebook, Instagram or Twitter, that’s the first thing I do every morning. In between classes, on the train and bus, while walking(!), you’ll see people with mobile phones on their hands as if social media has turned us into walking robots. We get so distracted by ‘who posted what on Facebook’ and ‘how many likes I have on this photo on Instagram’ so much so that we do not realise how much time we’ve wasted. 

Social media as such also tend to put our privacy at risk while using it in a way that our private details are vulnerable and easier to obtain by others. This can be seen through this clear example where Facebook Messenger by Facebook requires a mobile number input in order to use it and it is displayed on your Facebook automatically. This shows how easy it is for someone to access personal details on social media and how easy it is for someone to expose their private details unknowingly that might be dangerous at times.

 

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 (Picture source)

Hopefully this article and post would create a better image of how social media is truly affecting users like us on a daily basis!

References:

Booher, D 2014, 6 Ways Social Media Is Doing More Harm Than Good, Huffington Post, viewed 1 April 2015, <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dianna-booher/social-media_b_5375853.html&gt;

Mitchell, M.P. 2014, Disadvantages of Social Networking: Surprising Insights from Teens, Roots of Action, viewed 1 April 2015, <http://www.rootsofaction.com/disadvantages-of-social-networking/&gt;

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The Great Firewall, what’s so ‘great’ after all?

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(Picture’s source)

I have to admit without the constant consumption of social media today, I would feel empty and uneasy without constantly wanting to scroll through my Twitter and Instagram feed every fifteen minutes or checking in on Foursquare about a cool cafe. Social media plays a big role in most of our lives these day and I personally feel unorganised without it. According to a statistic page, 56% of the people in the world uses Facebook and that is more than half of the population that are using Facebook daily. Then we have Google, that does wonders and is the answers to all of our questions or also known as the search engine.

These so-called ‘luxury’ we have through social media are not being benefitted by the people living in China. Why is that so? These worldwide popular social apps and media are  such as Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube are not available because there’s internet censorship in China which apparently “blocked more than 18,000 websites in Mainland China.” (Zittrain & Edelman, 2003). There are a few reasons why China does this and I believe it does bring both positive and negative effects to the country and the nation in China.

The Chinese regime does this with the fear of the resources and information on the internet that might provoke freedom of speech by the citizens and to keep them from knowing what the government does not want them to know so much so that the government blocks any websites that might cause chaos and uncertainty within the nations. (Naughty, J 2015)

Not only website blockages, China also keep surveillance and filters what is being search on the net by the nations such as key-word filtering and forbids encryption, which “automatically control and block the stream of online communication both entering and leaving China.” (Congressional-Executive Commission on China, 2002; Eko, Kumar, & Yao, 2011).

2008-05-01-the-internet-in-china-great-firewall-550.img_assist_custom

(Picture’s source)

Words such as ‘freedom’, ‘Tibet’, ‘Taiwan Independence’ or ‘Falun Gong’ and politically sensitive websites that the regimes disapproves are prohibited and if you do try searching, ‘not found’ message or an error existence will occur on your screen. According to the research report by Zittrain & Edelman, the highest proportion of top blocked sites are those that concerns about Tibet, Taiwan China and equality. This to me proves nothing but  the government tries to hide the facts and truth from the citizens to avoid confrontations and war within the country.

But fear not, without the access to the wonderful social apps such as Facebook and Twitter, China came up with their own apps that I find it marvellous in a way that the content and usage of it is guarded. For example, YouTube is replaced with ‘Youku‘, Twitter with ‘Weibo‘, Google with ‘Baidu‘ and recently a messaging app called WeChat or ‘Weixin‘ are apps that most Chinese uses as their frequent social platform.

From this topic, Chinese users are forced to choose only domestically available apps that might not be used outside of China and I’ve learnt that the Chinese regime could be one of the world’s only government that controls the citizen’s knowledge through the worldwide webs and censorship in contents.

References:

Naughton, J 2015, The fascinating truth behind all those ‘great firewall of China’ headlines, The Guardian, viewed 28 March 2015,

Rocci, L 2014, Evolving Issues Surrounding Technoethics and Society in the Digital Age, Information Science Reference (imprint of IGI Global), Hershey, PA.

Zittrain, J & Edelman, B 2003, ‘Internet Filtering in China,’ Social Science Research Paper, Research Paper No.62, pp. 70-75, viewed 28 March 2015, <http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=399920&gt;

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